Gastrointestinal Surgery Gastrointestinal Surgery

Gastrointestinal Surgery

Gastrointestinal surgery is a treatment for diseases of the parts of the body involved in digestion. This includes the esophagus (Food pipe), stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum. It also includes the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

Surgery may be used to remove a cancerous or noncancerous growth or damaged part of the body, such as the intestine. Minor surgical procedures are used to screen and diagnose problems of the digestive system.

At Hans Laparoscopy SurgiClinic we offer a wide range of surgical procedures to cure out patients. Below are gastrointestinal conditions that we treat with surgery:

  • Small and large intestine
    • Non-cancerous tumours and growths in the digestive system
    • Intestinal perforation
    • Intestinal obstruction
    • Omental or mesenteric cysts
    • Bowel gangrene or ischemia
  • Appendicitis. When the appendix becomes infected and inflamed, it may be removed (appendectomy) (See appendicitis for more details).
  • Diverticular disease. A diverticulum is a small pouch or pocket in the colon (large intestine). Sometimes they can become inflamed and cause pain (diverticulitis).
Gastrointestinal Surgery

This is often managed without surgery. If someone has a lot of diverticula that often become inflamed, the doctor may recommend bowel resection surgery to remove that part of the intestine. Due to extensive inflammation sometimes these diverticulae can perforate and in that case also we need to resect that segment of colon.

Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • Liver diseases.
    • Liver Hydatid Cysts (Parasite cyst)
    • Liver abscess (Pus collection in liver)
    • Ruptured liver abscess/Cysts
  • Gallbladder disease. When there is a problem with the gallbladder — usually gallstones — the gallbladder can be removed. Surgery to remove the gallbladder is also called a cholecystectomy (See Gall Bladder Stones for details).
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernias. GERD, or acid reflux is when the acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus (food pipe) and causes heartburn. Sometimes it happens because of a hiatal hernia. This is when the stomach pushes through the diaphragm, a muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. A surgeon can do a surgery called fundoplication to fix it. The surgeon will fix the hernia if there is one and then wrap the top of the stomach around the bottom of the esophagus to strengthen the sphincter, which keeps acid out (See GERD for more details).
  • Pancreatic Disease
    • Pancreatic pseudocyst
    • Pancreatic Necrosis for acute or chronic pancreatitis
  • Rectal prolapse. Surgery is used to treat rectal prolapse, a condition in which part of the intestine comes through the anus (See details in Rectal Prolapse).
  • Weight loss. Different types of bariatric surgery (for example, gastric bypass) may be done to treat obesity.  (See details in Bariatric surgery section)
  • Spleen disease.
    • Hypersplenism/Bleeding disorders
    • Splenomegaly
    • Splenic cyst and abscess

Type of surgery and approach depends on patients age, existing health problems, extent of the disease and his general health of patient.

The Laparoscopic approach has always a better outcome. If the patient is fit and healthy and the disease in a stage that laparoscopic procedure is possible then it must undergo laparoscopic surgery.

Hydatid Cyst Radiology

Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery

  • Rapid recovery
  • Early and easy mobility
  • Less hospitalization
  • Less tissue trauma and less post-operative pain
  • Less Dependence on pain reliever tablets
  • Low risk of infection
  • Almost no risk of hernia